Scope Reference

Stylable Scopes

The general purpose scopes are intended to be used for any language, but the other scopes may also be used when semantically correct. For example if you had a general purpose language that allowed inline URLs:

var GOOGLE = https://www.google.com/

It would be reasonable to use the link class for this, even if your language is not a markup language. However, many themes might not be designed with this in mind so a better choice (for best theme support) might possibly be string.

General purpose

keyword

keyword in a regular Algol-style language

built_in

built-in or library object (constant, class, function)

type

data type (in a language with syntactically significant types) (string, int, array, etc.)

literal

special identifier for a built-in value (true, false, null, etc.)

number

number, including units and modifiers, if any.

operator

operators: +, -, >>, |, ==

punctuation

aux. punctuation that should be subtly highlighted (parentheses, brackets, etc.)

property

object property obj.prop1.prop2.value

regexp

literal regular expression

string

literal string, character

char.escape

an escape character such as \n

subst

parsed section inside a literal string

symbol

symbolic constant, interned string, goto label

class

deprecated You probably want title.class

function

deprecated You probably want title.function

variable

variables

variable.language

variable with special meaning in a language, e.g.: this, window, super, self, etc.

variable.constant

variable that is a constant value, ie MAX_FILES

title

name of a class or a function

title.class

name of a class (interface, trait, module, etc)

title.class.inherited

name of class being inherited from, extended, etc.

title.function

name of a function

params

block of function arguments (parameters) at the place of declaration

comment

comments

doctag

documentation markup within comments, e.g. @params

Meta

meta

flags, modifiers, annotations, processing instructions, preprocessor directives, etc

meta keyword

a keyword inside a meta block (note this is nested, not subscoped)

meta string

a string inside a meta block (note this is nested, not subscoped)

Tags, attributes, configs

section

heading of a section in a config file, heading in text markup

tag

XML/HTML tag

name

name of an XML tag, the first word in an s-expression

attr

name of an attribute with no language defined semantics (keys in JSON, setting names in .ini), also sub-attribute within another highlighted object, like XML tag

attribute

name of an attribute followed by a structured value part, like CSS properties

Text Markup

bullet

list item bullet

code

code block

emphasis

emphasis

strong

strong emphasis

formula

mathematical formula

link

hyperlink

quote

quotation or blockquote

CSS

selector-tag

tag selector

selector-id

#id selector

selector-class

.class selector

selector-attr

[attr] selector

selector-pseudo

:pseudo selector

Templates

template-tag

tag of a template language

template-variable

variable in a template language

diff

addition

added or changed line

deletion

deleted line

A note on scopes with sub-scopes

Some scope names above have a . in them. We use this notation to specify sub-scopes. In the generated HTML this will output multiple computed class names. The depth of nesting determines the number of underscores appended to sub-scope names. For example, Lets say the scope is title.class.other.

The CSS class names generated would be:

  • hljs-title

  • class_

  • other__

The top-level scope is always the one that has the configured prefix applied.

The generated HTML would be:

<span class="hljs-title class_ other__">Render</span>

A theme could then simply target that using the following CSS:

.hljs-title.class_.other__ {
   color: blue;
}

A note on newer scopes

Some scopes have been added more recently and do not enjoy universal theme support. For themes without support, these items will simply not be highlighted. This doesn’t mean not to use them, only that they will be highlighted better as support improves over time.

A list of these scopes:

  • operator

  • punctuation

  • property

Reserved scopes

The below scopes (ReasonML) are left here for documentation purposes but may not be used in other grammars because they are very poorly supported by all themes.

If you’d like to help out with the larger issue here:

ReasonML

pattern-match

pattern matching matchers

typing

type signatures on function parameters

constructor

type constructors

module-access

scope access into a module

module

module reference within scope access

Language names and aliases

The language names and aliases table has moved to SUPPORTED_LANGUAGES.md.